Ballad – generic term for usually slow, romantic, despairing and catastrophic songs

Beatboxing – a capella music created to emulate hip hop beats

Bluegrass – American country music mixed with Irish and Scottish influences

Blues - Often features sad themes with simple tunes, typically based around three chords.  Subgenres include bluegrass, Chicago, blues rock, spirituals, soul, Delta, Memphis.  (EG: Everyday I Have the Blues by B.B. King)

Children - music composed and performed for children includes subgenres such as lullabies, nursery rhymes, sing-alongs, action, and storytelling (EG: Down By the Bay by Raffi)

Classical - music written mainly in the European tradition during a period lasting approximately from 1750 to 1830.  Songs are played on a variety of orchestral instruments including the piano.  The subgenres are baroque, classical, opera, romantic,

Classic Hits (Oldies) - wide-range and expanding catch-all term used to encompase most pop, rock, and R&B songs released and played on the radio between 1950 and up to atleast 15-55 years before present day (EG: My Girl by the Temptations)

Country - originated in the rural southern and western parts of USA.  It is traditionally a mix of folk styles, ballads and dance tunes played characteristically on fiddle, guitar, banjo, steel guitar, drums, and keyboard.  Subgenres include cowboy, bluegrass, alternative, Nashville sound (EG: Ring of Fire by Johnny Cash or Love Somebody Like You by Keith Urban)

Disco - is a genre of dance music that often has soaring reverbing vocals over a steady beat. It's a combination of funk, soul, pop, and salsa.  It originated during the late 1960s and early 1970s (EG: YMCA by Village People)

Electronic Music - has a prominent kick drum in every beat.  There is often synthesizer sounds added.  Some subgenres are dubstep, house, trance, new wave, techno (EG: Tracey's Room by Everything but the Girl)

Folk - music that originates in a traditional culture and represents a community.  Often the author is unknown because it's been transmitted from generation to generation.  Folk music tells stories of regions and often tells of historical and personal events.  Sometimes the music includes words but also was often commonly used for dancing and entertainment.  Different cultures have various types of folk music, depending on the culture and region.  Subgenres include traditional, contempary, folk rock, revival, classical.  (American Folk musicians - Woody Guthrie, Peter Seeger, Peter, Paul and Mary; Canadian Folk singers - Gordon Lightfoot, Bruce Cockburn, Stan Rogers, Leonard Cohen, )

Hip Hop/Rap - also known as rap has a rhythmic vocal style with backing beats and contains elements of dj-ing and break dancing (EG: Smack That by Akon)  Rap is a rhythmic spoken delivery of rhymes, wordplay, and poetry.  Rap lyrics are enhanced by a complex vocabulary (EG: Eminem)

Jazz - a type of music of African-American origin characterized by improvisation, syncopation, and usually a regular forceful rhythm.  Brass and woodwind instruments and piano are main instruments. Subgenres include Dixieland, ragtime, swing, Big Band, bebop, gyspy, smooth (EG: Going Home by Kenny G)

Latin - influenced by Spanish and uses alot of hip shaking in dancing.  Subgenres include tango, salsa, latin ballad (EG: Shake Your Bon-Bon by Ricky Martin)

New Age - intended to create inspiration, relaxation, and positive feelings.  The melodies are repeitive and can create a hypnotic feeling (EG: Only Time by Enya)

Pop -  music that features a rhythmic element, melodies, and hooks in mainstream music.  Subgenres include synth, dance, teen. (EG: Sometimes by Britney Spears or  My Life Would Suck Without You by Kelly Clarkson)

R&B (Rhythm & Blues) - often used to define a style of African American music.  R&B vocalists are known for their melisma (a group of notes sung to one syllable of text) (Artists that sing melisma include Mariah Carey, Whitney Houston, Celine Dion) (EG: I Can Love You Like That by All 4 One)

Reggae - music developed in Jamaica in the 1960s and it's based on rhythmic style of accents on the off beats (EG Red Red Wine by UB40)

Rock - entered the mainstream in 1950s and usually consists of a drummer, guitarist, bassists, and singer.  Subgenres are metal, punk, grundge, hardrock, classic, atlernative (EG: With or Without You by U2 or Back in Black by ACDC)

Soul - it combines elements of African- American gospel music, rhythm & blues, and jazz to create this upbeat style of religious singing with lots of harmonies.  Subgenres include motown, doo-wop, gospel, hymns, blues, and jazz. (EG: Arethra Franklin and Whitney Houston)

Other genres yet to be defined:
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